YMOBILITY is the first project to provide a comparative overview of the major youth mobility pathways for students, skilled and ‘unskilled’ workers, and the characteristics of these pathways in terms of temporalities and motivations. Moreover, the project tries to provide a systematic overview of the different socio-economic characteristics and also psychographic characteristics of mobile and non-mobile youth.
YMOBILITY provides the first comprehensive comparative, quantitative and qualitative study of the economic, social and cultural outcomes of youth mobility. One of the aims of the project is to define appropriate methodologies and to implement ad hoc methods of research, previously defined, for exploring aspects of youth mobility that cannot be studied through existing secondary data.
The concept of the ‘lifelong portfolio of skills and competences’ gives an innovative focus on the full range of technical skills and competences in areas such as communication and learning.
Most research focuses on either the individual or the regional level, but YMOBILITY is original in appraising the costs and returns to migration at both scales. The key focus is on how different types of youth mobility contribute to stocks of lifelong skills and competences in different regions; it pays particular attention to the extent and nature of return migration, including the significance of ‘urban drift’ amongst returnees.
Most existing research on future migration intentions is based on survey data, which has limitations in dealing with complex decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. YMOBILITY makes a highly original contribution by addressing future migration intentions (amongst those who have and those who have not previously migrated) by using experimental research methods, including the production of original and transferable software for use by other researchers, scenario building and evaluation. In fact, one of the YMOBILITY objectives is to understand how individuals would respond to contrasting future migration scenarios and to build up simulations and scenarios concerning individuals and territories.
YMOBILITY combines a review of existing policy initiatives, in both destination and origin regions, with a number of original regional case studies that involves a range of stakeholders, especially young people.
YMOBILITY wants to provide on one side evidence-based recommendations for migration and flanking policies that will help to maximise the opportunities, and minimise the costs, associated with youth mobility for both individuals regions and on the other analyses of how different policies at different scales, from the local to the EU, interact and thereby shape both individual and regional outcomes of youth mobility.
Along the three years of the project the communication and dissemination of the project results are continuously promoted in the relevant international forums and the results of citizens’ engagement evaluated.