What are the social roots of the migration process for the Romanian youth of today? This is the key question of the analysis. “Today” means here the period after the global recession of 2008-2011/2012. The Romanian youth is considered in a multiple comparisons approach. First of all, it is compared to the youth from eight other UE countries (Germany, Sweden, United Kingdom, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Latvia and Slovakia), using data from a large survey interviewing at the end of 2015 about 30 thousands persons of 16 to 35 years old.
The migration process is addressed as a sequence of territorial mobility actions starting with first emigration/immigration and continuing with first return migration, circular migration and intention to leave (combined or not with previous migration experiences). The roots of the process are identified by typologies and causal (prediction) analysis. We are using typologies of young migrants/stayers and typologies of motivation for migration. The motivation during the migration process is reconstructed in a four-dimensional space of job, personal communities (family and friends), human capital and lifestyle. These four dimensions combine in different ways for different stages of migration to generate types of migration motivations. Lifestyle motivations are, usually, associated with job, personal problems and personal networks.
The whole analysis of this topic is developed in the theoretical framework of the nexus motivation-experience in the migration process and the concept of community of migration practices. Romanian youth through the lances of this methodology proved to be closer to Latvian and Slovakian youth on some dimensions and on Irish youth on the basis of other criteria that are detailed in the presentation. Why lifestyle motivation is of high intensity for some segments of the Romanian youth? How to explain the fact that significant segments of youth from poor and rich countries are highly motivated by lifestyle in their migration?
Full publication available on researchgate: www.researchgate.net/publication/321012821_The_Migration_Process_of_the_Romanian_Youth_A_European_Comparative_Approach
You can download the full presentation from here: Migration_process_RO1.2017